(located at the Callejon de Huaylas) and others, as well as
the altiplano region, over 3.500m, in which the Puno region
is located with the Lake Titikaka.
The Amazon Jungle, Virgin and unexplored, it is the largest
region and less populated of the country, with an astonishing
watershed in which the large Amazonas river and other tributaries
predominate. It is the perfect hiding place for the fauna,
the flora and the exuberant vegetation which still preserves
its original and unchanged state that can be enjoyed in reserved
areas such as the Manu National Park, the Tambopata-Candamo
reserve and Pacaya Samiria among others. The predominant factor
of this area is its inaccessibility and isolation, where a
great diversity of indigenous communities keeping their ancestral
ways of living are located.
More than 10,000 years ago, early settlers occupied the Peruvian
territory developing agriculture, llamas and alpacas domestication,
pottery, textiles, and goldsmithing. Different regional civilizations
were developed, among the most important ones: Chavin, Paracas,
Nazca, Mochica and Chimú, as legacy. They left a wide
amount of knowledge to the Incas.
The Incas appeared in the peruvian history by the year 1,200
and establish an Empire at the end of the XV century, which
would be conquered, in 1532, by the Spaniards. The permanence
these spaniards for almost 3 centuries would leave a rich
mixed race group, reflected in its architecture, folklore
and people. Peruvian independence was established in 1821,
creating Perú of our times, an open country to the
entire world. Nowadays, Perú is a modern and traditional
country, proud of its rich past, its roots, and ready to show
these characteristics to our visitors.
25 million inhabitants
70% urban - 30% rural
Perú has numerous climates in general: tropical influenced
by the Andean Mountain Range, the equatorial latitude, and
the cold Humboldt Ocean Current as well as El Niño
(warm) current, Summer and cold seasons occur in different
ways according to the regions; however, we could define two
well marked seasons:
Summer: from December 15 to
Winter: from April 15 to December
Coast: Hot, humid and clear
sky in summer, with an average temperature of 26°, without
precipitation. Mild in winter with an average temperature
of 16°, without precipitation but with high humidity.
Highland: Hot in summer and dry during the day, mild to cold
at nights (very cold dawns), with abundant precipitation.
Mild to cold in winter, with very few precipitation
Amazon: Mainly tropical climate, with precipitation all the
year (abundant in summer), hot and humid. Average annual temperature
The national currency is the Nuevo Sol (S/.) coins of with
10, 20 and 50 cents; S/. 1, S/. 2 and S/.5.
Bank Notes: S/. 10, S/. 20, S/. 50, S/. 100 and S/. 200.
US$ 1.00 is equivalent to S/.3.52 (fluctuating rate)
If the amazon region is included during the itinerary or program,
a vaccine against yellow fever is required, with a 10 day
minimal period before the travelling date.
The visa will depend on the residence country (please ask
the corresponding Peruvian consulate). It is necessary to
hold an valid passport with a minimum expiration date of 6
The Spanish language is spoken almost in every part of the
Peruvian territory, also Quechua, Aymara and other native
languages are spoken in some regions.
The different ingredients of the Peruvian cuisine and the
different dishes of the European, Asian, African and neighbouring
countries, have produced a specialised food known as Criolla