the old capital of the Empire of Tahuantinsuyo, that
in quechua means navel of the worlds, it is one
of the few places in the world able to please any traveller,
even been a follower of the archaeology and history,
nature lover, or an enthusiastic of the adventure sports.
The UNESCO declared this Andean colonial city called
as the Cultural Patrimony of the World.
It was in their beginnings a vast empire as the Roman
Empire; and had routes with more than 23,000 Kms. Cusco
was considered as the center of the Old Andean world,
besides being an important place for pilgrimage and
cult. Built in a hill, Sacsayhuaman was in the high
part adopting the form of a puma, religious symbol of
strength. Between two rivers that limit the city, the
old Incas constructed their palaces, the streets and
public buildings, that still remain today, the gold
abounded and were mostly used for the ornamentation
of their constructions and utensils and clothes of the
Inca. The conquest gave the city many different aspects.
The spaniards built here one of the most beautiful cities
of America. With the mixture of races, arose one of
the best and more productive arts of the New World:
The Cuzqueña Art and Painting School.
The most common legends that wanted to explain the origin
of the empire of Tahuantinsuyo are the one of Manco
Capac and Mama Ocllo and the Ayar. The first one tells
the history of the foundation of Cusco by Manco Capac
and Mama Ocllo that emerged from Lake Titikaka, sent
by their father the Sun God, while the second is an
allegory of the local tribes represented by each brother
Ayar, who battles to obtain the hegemony of the place,
being the winner Ayar Manco.
Whatever it would be, once the city was built, began
to expand and absorbed the sorrounding tribes and it
was not until the government of the Inca Pachacutec
after defeating the Chancas, that the Empire expanded
in all the zone and made social and economical reforms
beginning the apogee of the Empire. The maximum splendor
arrives with Inca Huayna Capac increasing their territorial
expansion. Afterwards a civil war by the succession
of the Inca throne, between the sons of Huayna Capac,
Huascar and Atahualpa, the winner was Atahualpa, but
not for a long time because when the Spaniards arrived
the Tahuantinsuyo empire had ended after 100 years.
The date of the Spaniard foundation was on March 23rd,
Pleasant weather, cold and dry with a temperature of
11 grades, the rainy season is from November to March.
The dry season is from April to October.
Geography and Location:
of the department with the same name with 300,000 inhabitants,
located in the mountain side at 3400 above the sea level
and 1102 kms to the southeast of Lima, 389 Km to the
northeast of Puno and 518 Km. To the north of Arequipa.
Access: to Cuzco by plane (flights from La Paz-Bolivia,
Lima, Arequipa and Juliaca, this last one with restrictions).
Via highway from Puno, Arequipa, Nazca, Puerto Maldonado
and Ayacucho; by train from Puno and Arequipa. The tourist
places of connections are : Puno, Manu National Square,
Arequipa, Puerto Maldonado and Lima.
PATRIMONY OF THE HUMANITY
Located at the subtropical zone to 113 Kms of Cuzco
by railroad, height of 2350 above sea level, annual
average temperature of 11º. This Inca city was
discovered by Hiram Bingham in 1911. The archaeological
group is divided in two sectors named agricultural and
urban, where we can find squares, temples, palaces,
warehouses, factories, stairs and water sources, standing
out the Vigilance Tower, the Superior Cemetery and Ritual
Rock (agricultural sector), Temple of the Sun, Intiwatana,
Sacred Rock, Temple of the Three Windows, Principal
Temple, The Doors, the Sources, the Springs, the Tombs
How to arrive:
The most used is the railroad. The trip last
3 ½ hours with three different services of train.
Departure from Cuzco is very early in the morning from
06:00 until 07:30 hours depending on the train. The
returns are in the afternoon from 15:00 to 18:00 hours.
Service in Helicopter, this is the fastest way
to arrive to Machu Pichu in only 25 minutes flying,
it allows the visitor to have a spectacular view of
the Sacred Valley. Return to Cuzco is about 15:00 hours.
The Inca´s trail (see adventure program).
BASE PROGRAM I
2 days - 1 nights
Day: Cuzco, reception and transfer to the Hotel.
In the afternoon we begin our excursion by combining
archaeology and art and a visit to the city, where we
will appreciate the Cathedral, built in the palace of
Wiracocha, the Koricancha, now the Temple of Santo Domingo,
built on the old Temple of the Sun. Then we will go
to the outskirts of Cuzco, to visit four bordering ruins:
Sacsayhuamán, Military fortress and of astronomic
observation, Kenko, temple where the world are represented
and their link with men; Puka Pucara, a place that allow
to control the routes and close territories and Tambomachay,
important center of cult and worship to the water. Return
2nd Day: Breakfast. Trf
out hotel /airport or station.
01 Night in the hotel
City Tour + 4 Close Ruins
This program does not include:
Entrances to the tourist places
Feeding, except breakfasts
What is not mentioned above